Complex Environments

Embracing natural, organic complexity to create thriving, healthy cities in a post-digital world

Facetted stainless steel and glass installation at Old Street roundabout, London. Image by author. Art by DeMakersVan.
Hong Kong housing estate. Image by author.
A tree in bloom. Image by author.
21st-century construction site. Image by author.
IMAGE BY ARUP. In 2014, Arup created a prototype of a 3D printed joint designed to be more efficient than traditional joints, while cutting waste and costs. Whether you like the aesthetic appearance or not, it shows the potential for using organic structures in construction.



Cities Research. Strategic Design. Urban Innovation.

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